Many people surf the internet and others work. They do not know the enemy that lurks in the virtual space. Some enemies know what they do while others are not aware of what they are doing. This is the world of cybercrime.
Cyber law is the part of the overall legal system that deals with the Internet, cyberspace, and their respective legal issues. Cyber law covers a fairly broad area, encompassing several subtopics including freedom of expression, access to and usage of the Internet, and online privacy. Generically, cyber law has been referred to as the Law of the Internet.
Sourced from: http://www.computerhope.com/jargon/c/cyber-law.htm
Any illegal activity done online or using computers is defined as cybercrime. There is no big different between normal crimes and cybercrime apart from the main medium of use which can be a computer, a computer network, emails and so on.
Cybercrime is any criminal activity involving computers and networks. It can range from fraud to spam to the distant theft of government or corporate secrets through criminal trespass into remote systems, even in other countries or on other continents.
What is Cybercrime?
Online activities are as vulnerable to crime and can compromise personal safety as effectively as common physical crimes. Lawmakers, law enforcement, and individuals need to know how to protect themselves and the people for which they are responsible. You can see by the explanations of various cybercrimes below that these types of crimes have existed long before computers and the internet were made available to the general public. The only difference involves the tools used to commit the crimes.
Cybercrime comes in different forms. One type is hacking where third parties break into someone else’s computer. Downloading music, movies or even games from sites that violate copyright law is also classified as cybercrime.
Types of Cyber Crimes
When any crime is committed over the Internet it is referred to as a cybercrime. There are many types of cybercrimes and the most common ones are explained below:
Hacking: This is a type of crime wherein a person’s computer is broken into so that his personal or sensitive information can be accessed. In the United States, hacking is classified as a felony and punishable as such. This is different from ethical hacking, which many organizations use to check their Internet security protection. In hacking, the criminal uses a variety of software to enter a person’s computer and the person may not be aware that his computer is being accessed from a remote location.
Theft: This crime occurs when a person violates copyrights and downloads music, movies, games and software. There are even peer sharing websites which encourage software piracy and many of these websites are now being targeted by the FBI. Today, the justice system is addressing this cybercrime and there are laws that prevent people from illegal downloading.
Cyber Stalking: This is a kind of online harassment wherein the victim is subjected to a barrage of online messages and emails. Typically, these stalkers know their victims and instead of resorting to offline stalking, they use the Internet to stalk. However, if they notice that cyber stalking is not having the desired effect, they begin offline stalking along with cyber stalking to make the victims’ lives more miserable.
Sourced from: http://www.crossdomainsolutions.com/cyber-crime/